If anyone is struggling to remember the regions we discussed in class, I highly recommend this mapping game. It only uses modern countries, but I find it helps a lot when identifying general regions as well. The screenshots seen here are from the Europe map, but the site has other regions and continents, as well.
As troubling as this video can be at times, it’s an outstanding homage to Hieronymus Bosch’s artwork and vision….
There are many examples of artwork that were created to express the hardships of the Inductrial Revolution. A good example is the one below called The Third Class Carriage:
This is an oil painting on canvas by Honore Daumier created between 1862-1864. The image shows a crowded car of the working-class people. Many people could not afford better transportation so one can only imagine how uncomfortable and unsanitary it was on these cars.
Paintings of the landscape that was affected by the Industrial Revolution was a very popular subject. Here is an example below:
Here you can see that there are some major effects to the landscape because of the buildings and factories. It looks very overwhelming, especially with the excessive smoke coming from the chimney and the many workers surrounding it.
“Honoré Daumier: The Third-Class Carriage (29.100.129)”. In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. 6 Feb 2012 <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/29.100.129>
“Industrial Revolution.” Exploringartsyles.yolasite.com. Yola. Web. 6 Feb. 2012. <http://exploringartstyles.yolasite.com/industrial-revolution.php>.
Posted by: Julia Jin
Coalbrookdale by Night, 1801, Philip James De Loutherbourg
Artist Philip James De Loutherbourg puts the blaze from the factory against an idyllic woodland and rustic landscape. The mood implies Loutherbourg negatively viewed Industrialization.
Honore Daumier spent time in prison after creating this political cartoon depicting King Louis-Philippe as Rabelais’ Gargantua when he was released he made this lithograph for a political weekly begun by Charles Philipon in 1830 and closed by the government in 1835.
posted by crystal montgomery
“Now, 70 years after the end of World War II, thanks to the excavations in eastern Poland, these unknown soldiers are getting a proper burial.”
“V: Good evening, London. Allow me first to apologize for this interruption. I do, like many of you, appreciate the comforts of the everyday routine, the security of the familiar, the tranquility of repetition. I enjoy them as much as any bloke. But in the spirit of commemoration – whereby those important events of the past, usually associated with someone’s death or the end of some awful bloody struggle, are celebrated with a nice holiday – I thought we could mark this November the fifth, a day that is sadly no longer remembered, by taking some time out of our daily lives to sit down and have a little chat.
There are, of course, those who do not want us to speak. I suspect even now orders are being shouted into telephones and men with guns will soon be on their way. Why? Because while the truncheon may be used in lieu of conversation, words will always retain their power. Words offer the means to meaning and for those who will listen, the enunciation of truth. And the truth is, there is something terribly wrong with this country, isn’t there?
Cruelty and injustice…intolerance and oppression. And where once you had the freedom to object, to think and speak as you saw fit, you now have censors and systems of surveillance, coercing your conformity and soliciting your submission. How did this happen? Who’s to blame? Well certainly there are those who are more responsible than others, and they will be held accountable. But again, truth be told…if you’re looking for the guilty, you need only look into a mirror.
I know why you did it. I know you were afraid. Who wouldn’t be? War. Terror. Disease. There were a myriad of problems which conspired to corrupt your reason and rob you of your common sense. Fear got the best of you and in your panic, you turned to the now High Chancellor Adam Sutler. He promised you order. He promised you peace. And all he demanded in return was your silent, obedient consent.
Last night, I sought to end that silence. Last night, I destroyed the Old Bailey to remind this country of what it has forgotten. More than four hundred years ago, a great citizen wished to embed the fifth of November forever in our memory. His hope was to remind the world that fairness, justice and freedom are more than words – they are perspectives. So if you’ve seen nothing, if the crimes of this government remain unknown to you, then I would suggest that you allow the fifth of November to pass unmarked. But if you see what I see, if you feel as I feel, and if you would seek as I seek…then I ask you to stand beside me, one year from tonight, outside the gates of Parliament. And together, we shall give them a fifth of November that shall never, ever, be forgot!”
“V: Voilà! In view, a humble vaudevillian veteran, cast vicariously as both victim and villian by the vicissitudes of Fate. This visage, no mere veneer of vanity, is a vestige of the vox populi, now vacant, vanished. However, this valorous visitation of a by-gone vexation, stands vivified and has vowed to vanquish these venal and virulent vermin vanguarding vice and vouchsafing the violently vicious and voracious violation of volition. (he carves a “V” into a sign) The only verdict is vengence; a vendetta, held as a votive, not in vain, for the value and veracity of such shall one day vindicate the vigilant and the virtuous. (giggles) Verily, this vichyssoise of verbiage veers most verbose, so let me simply add that it is my very good honor to meet you and you may call me V.”
When thinking about World War Two, many people believe that the Americans “won the war” with the invasions at D-Day, but it is important to remember that there was more than just one front in the war in Europe and with the other front comes another story. Many more Russians fought and died in World War Two than Americans did. The war on the western front was also harsher than that on the eastern front. While many people recognize Hitler’s aggression against Jews, not many people think about the racial aggression he had against the slavs, their are many documented cases of Hitler describing them as “sub-human.” These views are easily seen when one looks at his policy of war against the eastern front, total annihilation of any resistance. German forces would often strip towns of food and destroy their shelter, leading to starvation, that is if they weren’t killed for opposing the German forces. The eastern front was also the only front to have Einsatzgruppen soldiers follow behind the normal soldiers to wipe out civilians. The eastern front was also brutal with prisoners, while the prisoners on the western front had some living conditions available to them, the eastern fronts’ prisoners commonly faced death on either side. While many people talk about World War Two being devastating and terrible on the western front, it is also important to note that the eastern front was even worse, with more casualties, both civilian and military, and poorer living conditions with all out destruction being the purpose of war.
Source/For more information, see: http://www.eisenhowerinstitute.org/about/living_history/wwii_soviet_experience.dot
The role of art is to be able to accurately portray the state of thing in the world, one artists who can be said to have attempted this great venture is Otto dix, who did art in the first World War. Instead, of trying to capture the “glory of War,” as people attempted to do in previous generations. He was haunted by much of the warfare that he experienced, a good example of this is his piece modern warfare.
Another piece that is on the meaning of war is “Its Meaning.” The picture seems tom imply that war hurts during and after the war.
The other works he did seem to bring home the idea that War Makes people inhuman. The underlying cynicism is understandable. War creates a vacuum in which whatever ideas that we beliefs we have are forced into the light, and are challenged by the und. rlying reality of living
The united States has classically held to the view that America is not an Empire, of course, in recent years this has been put under scrutiny, but pushed into America had in its formation resolved to not get into any of the conflicts that were to happen in Europe.
One question that might occur to one is “Why would a nation founded with philosophy suddenly do exactly that and get involve in a European conflict?” The answer is that Britain allegedly intercepted what was called the “Zimmerman note.” According to David Kahn, author of The Codebreakers, “No other single cryptanalysis has had such enormous consequences.”
According to the British it was an intercepted encoded message that promised American land to Mexico provided their military assistance. Even though President Woodrow Wilson went by the slogan “He kept us out of war.” Because of the seemingly impending threat from Germany. Given that America had already been politically severed from Germany, it was the already given anti-German sentiment that per-existed launched America into World War I.
References : http://www.history.com/news/ask-history/what-was-the-zimmermann-telegram
About a hundred years ago Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. This sent Europe into the first world war , which caused 14 million deaths , crushed empires, and redrew the borders in Europe. His assassin is now seen as a symbol of the four year long war “Sarajevo is now a symbol of a century of wars in Europe but we are here to talk about peace and reconciliation,” said Joseph Zimet.
The next thing that happened as Churchill put it, it, was a “drama never surpassed.” This brought European diplomat into the position of both doing a number of diplomatic maneuver , and adhering to a number of different alliances among European powers. This brought in France, Britain, Russia, and the ottoman Empire into the fight.
Sean McMeekin, a professor at Koc University in Istanbul says that “McMeekin and a whole tradition of World War I historians argue that even after Ferdinand’s assassination, war was not a fait accompli. Indeed, in Europe and across the pond in the United States, many learning of the archduke’s death were less concerned with the drumbeats of war than the question of Austrian succession. The Washington Post, for example, published this largely fluffy piece on the royal who became the heir presumptive
The Battle of Britain was an air battle involving Great Britain’s Royal Air Force fighting Germany’s elite air unit known as the Luftwaffe. It started with the Luftwaffe bombarding British naval and military installations to prepare for a cross-Channel invasion. The British retorted with a bombing of several German cities. Hitler was prepared and fought back even harder with a night bombardment of London. The Battle of Britain lasted for two months to take control of the skies. The German casualties were twice as high as those of the RAF and forced Hitler to abandon his plans. The Battle gave courage back to the people of Great Britain and the news of the victory sparked motivation through Europe.
Franforter, Daniel, and William Spellman. West: A Narrative History. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, 2103. Print.