•First golf balls invented.
•The first piano called the Spinet invented.
•Oil painting invented.
•In Florence, hoisting gear invented.
•Nicholas of Cusa creates spectacles of polished lenses for nearsighted persons.
•Johannes Gutenberg invents printing press with metal movable type.
•In Germany, drypoint engravings invented.
•Muzzle-loaded rifles invented in Italy and Germany.
•In Venice, the first known copyright granted.
•Leonardo DaVinci designed the first parachute.
•Bell chimes invented.
•Leonardo da Vinci first to seriously theorize about flying machines.
•Martin Behaim invented the first map globe.
•Whiskey invented in Scotland.