The phenomenon of serfdom and the manner in which it changed between 1772 and 1848 are analyzed by Ludwig von Mises and Ivan Franko. Soviet historians are particularly concerned with the reactions of the peasants to their plight: Fedit Steblii has traced peasant “rebellions” and the brigand movement in eastern Galicia during the first half of the nineteenth century, as well as the peasant uprising of 1846. This event, although based in Polish-inhabited areas of western Galicia during the early spring of that year, nonetheless had repercussions in Ukrainian eastern Galicia as well, especially during the late spring and summer months. The problem of serfdom in Galicia became an important issue in Polish revolutionary circles, especially after 1830, and this development as well as its impact on Ukrainkians in eastern Galicia is the basis of extensive studies by Ostap Terlet’kyi and Ivan S. Miller.
The peasant uprising of 1846 is depicted in the painting Rzeź galicyjska, by Jan Lewicki: