Enlightenment Reformers: Cesare Beccaria

November 28, 2013 | | Comments Off on Enlightenment Reformers: Cesare Beccaria

         Beccaria is credited as reforming the criminal justice systems. Along with two lifelong friends Pietro and Alessandro Verri, brothers who formed a inter circle whose main purpose was to reform the criminal justice system at that time. Beccaria’s book “On Crime and Punishment” explains his views and critiques of how he felt justice should be served against criminals.

 

On crimes and Punishment solemnly focuses on how Punishment should be administered. Beccaria felt that Punishment should be in accordance with the Social Contract between the government and its people in society.  Upon writing his book Beccaria was easily influenced by thinkers such as Hobbes, Locke, and many others that he became acquainted with in his inter circle.  In the novel, Beccaria lists previous practices and how they should be reformed in specific ways, he has guidelines written in the novel, and also he voices his opinions about them.

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http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9a/Dei_deleti_e_delle_pene_1764.jpg

http://cronologia.leonardo.it/storia/biografie/beccaria.jpg

http://www.iep.utm.edu/beccaria/


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