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In the year of 1831, a second round of revolutions took place in Italy. Many patriots of the country took these uprisings as an opportunity to show martyrdom for their cause and though Austria, among other governments, managed to put down these rebellions, they discredited the stability local governments had.
Young Italy was created as a group of nationalist believers who aimed to create (or at least help to spur on) a unified Italy. Giuseppe Mazzini, an Italian writer, founded the organization after finishing his jail sentence for conspiracy. Mazzini began this organization with the hopes of causing a chain reaction of revolution by starting uprisings in the peninsula. The chain reaction he was hoping to accomplish was for the people of Italy to fight for their country to be free of foreign rule and most importantly to be unified. Having a unified country, in Mazzini’s opinion, would help the country to further itself and be better able to defend itself when necessary.
After a while, Young Italy began to branch out to other areas of Italy that were also interested in a unified country. The group attempted revolutions in Bologna and Calabria which, though failed, managed to bring attention and popularity to the Young Italy movement. During the risen popularity of the organization, Mazzini brought attention to one revolutionary exiled in Uruguay. This man, Giuseppe Garibaldi would play a large role in the Italian unification.
Eventually, the Austrians declared Young Italy and any participation with the group as high treason, causing the members to disperse. After a little bit of time, however, an organization under the name of Young Europe began to surface, with the beliefs “of men believing in a future liberty, equality and fraternity for all mankind; and desirous of consecrating their thoughts and actions to the realization of that future.” After Mazzini was exiled, another group by the name of Young Switzerland arose. Even though Mazzini was exiled, his plan to spread the word of nationalism and unifying your country under one name still made an impact, even if he was no longer able to participate.
Citizens shot for reading Mazzini Journals, Life of Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian hero and patriot (1888)
Riall, Lucy. Risorgimento: The History of Italy from Napoleon to Nation State. N.p.: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Print.