The Holy Alliance

February 28, 2012 | | Comments Off on The Holy Alliance

By: Jeffrey Hoehn (Original Work)

Credit Image: http://teacherweb.ftl.pinecrest.edu/snyderd/MWH/Projects/cov/Maps.htm

The Holy Alliance was derived out of the Quintuple Alliance in the Congress of Vienna on September 26th, 1815.  The main purpose of the Holy Alliance was to uphold Christianity as the prominent faith and reflected the return to Conservative politics in Europe.  Headed by Tsar Alexander, he wanted to return to politics long before the French Revolution and other revolutions in Europe.  However, it is important to note that Great Britian was not part of  the Holy Alliance, even though it was in the Quintuple Alliance.  King George IV of Great Britian refused to sign on constitutional grounds.  The alliance was noted for its union of politics and religion as one treaty.

The Alliance had three articles.  The first article basically noted that all of the members of the Holy Alliance are brethren, and will assist each other when necessary to protect religion, peace, and justice.  The second article established the three nations as a Christian nation.  The second article also states we owe the treasures of our lives to God, and recommend to the subjects of the three nations to to enjoy God’s gifts, and exercise his principles.  The third article states those that agree to this Alliance shall indeed utilize the principles of God and Christianity to shape the destinies of mankind of which they have influence over.

The Holy Alliance was a symbol to all revolutionaries of the old social order, and thus revered it with hatred.  The Alliance did not want any liberal revolutionaries accomplishing any victories in Europe along with promoting Christian faith.  This led to Austrian forces overturning a liberal revolution in southern Italian Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.  Additionally, the French aided Spanish King Ferdinand VII against a liberal revolution.  Public opinion believed this alliance was to join with the Church to reestablish their powers as a political authority.  However, in reality, the papal Councillors and bishops regarded the Alliance coldly because it contained schism, heresy, and orthodoxy.   Therefore, it is not accurate to believe the idea that the Church and Monarchies were conspirators with one another to gain power.  The Holy Alliance ended with the death of Tsar Alexander I in 1825.

Sources:

http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0824012.html

http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/government/diplomatic/c_alliance.html

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07398a.htm


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