In this timeline, it shows the viewer the chronological order of when the great technological advances of Britain for the textile and agricultural industries that were introduced between the years of 1709 and 1858.
1709 Abraham Darby introduced coke smelting to his ironworks at Coalbrookdale in Shropshire.
1712 The first workable steam-powered engine was developed by Thomas Newcomen.
1730 The seed drill was invented by Jethro Tull. This was a critical point of the agricultural revolution which freed labour from the fields and lowered crop prices.

x seed drill

1740 Crucible steelmaking was discovered by Benjamin Huntsman, a clockmaker of Doncaster.
1759 The first Canal Act was passed by the British Parliament; this led to the construction of a national network of inland waterways for transport and industrial supplies. By 1830 there were 6,500 km / 4,000 miles of canals in Britain.
1763 The spinning jenny, which greatly accelerated cotton spinning, was invented by James Hargreaves in Blackburn.
 spinning jenny

1765 James Watt produced a more reliable and efficient version of the Newcomen engine.

1779 The spinning mule, which made the production of fine yarns by machine possible, was developed in Bolton by Samuel Crompton.

 spinning mule

1785 The power loom marked the start of the mechanised textile industry.
1793 The problem of supplying cotton fast enough for the textile industry was solved by Eli Whitney’s cotton gin.

  Cotton gin

1797 The first true industrial lathe was invented by Henry Maudslay.
1802 The first electric battery capable of mass production was designed by William Cruickshank in England.
1811-16 Textile workers known as Luddites staged widespread protests against low pay and unemployment in Nottinghamshire, which involved destroying new machines.
1812 The population of Manchester passed 100,000.
1813 Industrial employment overtook agricultural employment in England for the first time.
1815 Sir Humphrey Davy invented a safety lamp for miners which prevented the flame from igniting mine gases thus saving the lives of thousands of miners.
1825 The first regular railway services started between Stockton and Darlington in northeast England.
1826 The Journeymen Steam Engine Fitters, the first substantial industrial trade union, was established in Manchester
1829 With his steam locomotive Rocket, English engineer George Stephenson won a contest to design locomotives for the new Manchester-Liverpool railway.
1831-52 British industrial production doubled.
1832 The Reform Act concerning elections to the British Parliament gave representation to the industrial cities.
1833 The first effective Factory Act was passed in Britain regulating child labour in cotton mills.
1840-42 George Hudson built the first railway station in York.
1842 Coal Mines Act prevented women and children from working in harsh conditions in mines.
1842 Cotton-industry workers in England staged a widespread strike.
1846 Repeal of the Corn Law in Britain reduced agricultural prices, thereby helping industry.
1851 Britain celebrated its industrial achievements in the Great Exhibition.
1852-80 British industrial production doubled again.
1858 The `great stink´ of London dramatized the increasing pollution in the cities.c.

Timeline sourced by:
Posted by: Julia Jin
Edited (images added) by: Crystal Montgomery


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