Agriculture before the industrial revolution focused mainly on agricultural production, and the people would work in industries in-between planting and harvesting, and there was a huge reliance on agriculture for food and money.  After the industrial revolution new foods like the potato and new technology and methods came about.  Some of the new technology was the horse-drawn hoe, seed drill, triangular plough, and threshing machines.  These new technologies made farming easer and required less people to harvest and plow.  Some new crops were new species of hay or grass to feed the animals during winter, sainfoin, ryegrass, clover, and turnips.  These new crops were to help lengthen the fertility of a field.  Some new techniques that were used during the industrial revolution were constant tillage, new crop rotations, closer association of crops and stock ( more animals meant greater crop yields), field-grass husbandry, new drainage and fertilization methods.  Other changes during the industrial revolution was a decrees of subsistence farming, an increase use of “water-meadows” or flooded meadows or fields, and more woodland turned into farm land.  There was also less land owned by small farmers due to enclosure and less money needed to transport goods because of steam.


Stearns, Peter N. The Industrial Revolution in World History.  George Mason University: Westview Press, 2013

Deane, Phyllis. The First Industrial Revolution. Cambridge: The University Press, 1965

More, Charles. Understanding the Industrial Revolution. London: Routledge, 2000

Jones E. L. Agriculture and the Industrial Revolution. New York: Halsted Press, 1974


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