Music in the Third Reich

March 13, 2012 | Comments Off on Music in the Third Reich

The idea that Germany had a particular affinity for great music, and that this was under threat in the inter-war period, was not confined to the Nazi Party. Many conservative nationalists perceived the musical trends of this period as an omen of global degeneration, and it was Germany’s defeat in World War I, the economic devastation that […]

Postwar Problems in Western Europe

December 11, 2011 | Comments Off on Postwar Problems in Western Europe

World War I did not completely end with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, for its political, economic and psychological effects influenced the lives of people long after the last shot was fired. Two main political changes rocked the world after the war: a greater number of countries began to adopt more liberal forms […]

Authoritarian Regimes in Spain and Eastern Europe

December 11, 2011 | Comments Off on Authoritarian Regimes in Spain and Eastern Europe

In the early 1930s, concerns also grew in other sectors, especially coal mining and iron ore mining, activities mainly concentrated in the Asturian coal valleys and Basque Country, respectively. Earlier news on anthracosis in coal mining was included in Asturian medical geographies published during the 1920s 17. In the 1930s, reports on silicosis were issued by […]

Stalin’s Soviet Union

December 7, 2011 | Comments Off on Stalin’s Soviet Union

Vladimir Lenin & Joseph Stalin, 1922 (; 12/05/11) In 1921, the Bolsheviks proved triumphant against White Russian forces and their foreign allies after their civil war (1918-1921).  The single party state that emerged could be summed up in two words: repressive & ruthless.  This was similar to the Fascist Regimes of Europe in several significant ways.  “Once […]

Adolf Hitler in a 1928 Nuremberg rally; Hermann Göring is directly in front of Hitler (; 12/02/11) “The Government of Germany (1919 – 33), was so named because the assembly  that adopted its constitution met at Weimar in 1919. In its early years, the  Weimar Republic was troubled by postwar economic and financial problems and  political […]

Advertising and WWI

November 30, 2011 | Comments Off on Advertising and WWI

The Birth of Advertising in America Eight days after declaring war, by the executive order of President Woodrow Wilson, the Committee on Public Information (CPI)  was established and charged with the momentous task of motivating the American public to participate in the war effort while also handling the censorship of the media. To direct the group, […]

Fascist Italy

November 29, 2011 | Comments Off on Fascist Italy

Italian Fascism Stanley G. Payne Fascism was unique among the radical forces produced by the early twentieth century, developing out of World War I without any clear predecessor in the nineteenth century. It first emerged in Italy in 1919, catapulting its leader, Benito Mussolini, into the premiership three years later and then to the creation […]

The Price of Victory: The Treaty of Versailles

October 3, 2011 | Comments Off on The Price of Victory: The Treaty of Versailles

Formed in 1919 at the Paris Peace Conference at the urgency of the United States and Great Britain, The League of Nations was intended to prevent the repetition of another world conflict. The Treaty of Versailles, which marked the end of World War I, was drafted by the Allied powers: Italy, France, Great Britain, and […]

The Great Depression was an economic slump in North America, Europe, and other industrialized areas of the world that began in 1929 and lasted until about 1939. It was the longest and most severe depression ever experienced by the industrialized Western world. Though the U.S. economy had gone into depression six months earlier, the Great […]

The Soviet Union Under Stalin

November 18, 2009 | Comments Off on The Soviet Union Under Stalin

Soviet Union Communist Party Fascist Characteristics Bolsheviks ruthlessy eliminated their political rivals. They rejected liberal concept of human rights and the rule of law. Created a secret police to root out dissent. Glorified cult of the all knowing and all powerful leader. Soviet Union Communist Party Non-Fascist Characteristics Believed that their revolution was the dawn […]

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