Nationalism rose in Europe — and across the world — during the 19th century. This rise occurred primarily as a defensive mechanism against outside forces, such as invasion, colonization, imperialism, and so on. Nationalism helped unify countries and strengthen groups of people in order to avoid domination. Unfortunately, as the web series Crash Course World […]

The defeat of Austria at the hands of the Prussians in 1866 was the first sign of the eventual demise of the Habsburg leadership within the German Confederation. The Habsburg or Austrian Empire consisted of German, Czech, Slovak, Croat, Polish, among other central to western European groups. Because of the weakened state of the Empire […]